What is pre-diabetes?
Have you ever heard of “pre-diabetes”? Yes, it’s a real thing, and it’s a growing health issue in our country. It's estimated that 84.1 million adults have pre-diabetes. In fact, 9 out of 10 people with pre-diabetes don’t even know they have it!
People with pre-diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, which can also increase risk of heart attack or stroke. The key is to prevent type 2 diabetes before it strikes. I often tell patients that making small changes, such as losing five percent of your current body weight and adding a little more activity during the day, can reduce the chance of pre-diabetes turning into type 2 diabetes.
- Take an on-line pre-diabetes screening test. These tests can help you find out your risk of developing pre-diabetes. Taking this pre-diabetes screening test from the CDC can help you gauge your risk.
- Go to your doctor and see if you have pre-diabetes. If your fasting blood glucose reading is less than 100 mg/dl, then have your blood drawn yearly. If the blood glucose reading is over 100 mg/dl, then discuss with your doctor what pre-diabetes is and how to prevent Type 2 diabetes.
- Reduce portion sizes of the foods you eat. Reducing portion sizes helps with weight loss. It is not necessarily what you eat that influences your risk of Type 2 diabetes, but how much. Download and print this handy portion size guide to determine the right amount to eat.
- Get moving! Current recommendations suggest you need to exercise 150 minutes per week, which is 30 minutes 5 days a week. Does that seem like a lot? Start slow and gradually work up the time you exercise. Start with a 10 minute walk and work up to 30 minutes. Increasing your physical activity will prevent Type 2 diabetes and reduce your risk for a heart attack or stroke.
By taking action now with healthy eating and increasing your activity, you can prevent Type 2 diabetes and prevent a heart attack or stroke.
If you need assistance with nutrition or weight management, please contact the Methodist Center for Diabetes and Nutritional Health at 402-354-8797 to reschedule an appointment with a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist.